Egypt is a country located in the northeastern corner of Africa and its capital city is Cairo. It is bordered by Libya to the west, the Sudan in the South and the Gaza strip and Israel in the east. Egypt has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile River and the Red Sea. Its topography consists of mainly of desert plateau but the eastern part is cut by the Nile River valley. Egypt’s total area of 386,662 square miles or about 1 million square kilometers, making it the 30th largest country in the world. The highest point in Egypt is Mount Catherine about 2,629m tall, located in Sinai Peninsula and lowest point is the Qattara Depression about 133m below sea level.
Egypt is dived into two sections: The Upper Egypt in the south and the Lower Egypt in the north. These sections were named according how the Nile River flows from south to north until it reaches the Mediterranean Sea.
As the world’s longest river, the Nile cuts through an incredible 6680km of Africa as it winds its way north towards the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River was critical to the development of the ancient Egypt. In addition to Egypt, it runs through or along the border of other African countries such as Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. It has two main sources: Lake Victoria in Uganda, out of which flows the White Nile; and Lake Tana in the Ethiopian highlands, from which the Blue Nile emerges.
For thousands of years the river has provided a source of irrigation to transform the dry area around into lush agricultural land. Ancient Egyptians developed irrigation methods to increase the amount of land they could use for crops and support a thriving population. Beans, cotton, wheat, and flax were important and abundant crops that could be easily stored and traded.
The Nile River delta was also an ideal growing location for the papyrus plant. Ancient Egyptians used the papyrus plant in many ways, such as making cloth, boxes, and rope, but by far its most important use was in making paper. Besides using the river's natural resources for themselves and trading them with others.
Egypt is the most populous country in the entire Middle East, with around 100 million people (as of February 2020) 95 percent of the Egyptians live along the banks of Nile River.  About 90 percent of Egyptians are Muslims and about 10 percent of Egyptians are Copts, one of the oldest branches of Christian religion. Arabic is the official language. Professionals who work in the tourism sector are accustomed to visitors who do not speak Arabic, and they will speak enough English and other languages such as Spanish, German, French and Italian to fulfill the needs of most travelers.
Best Time to Visit 
The best time to visit Egypt for most travelers is during the cooler and more comfortable months of November to February. This is also considered the peak tourist season in Egypt. The shoulder seasons of spring (March to April) and fall (September to October) are also good times to visit. Temperatures are pleasant, and crowds are generally smaller compared to the peak winter season.
If you're planning to visit during the summer (May to August), consider staying in coastal areas like Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, or other Red Sea resorts, where the sea breeze can provide some relief. If you're interested in diving or beach activities, the Red Sea resorts are enjoyable year-round.
Be sure to plan your trip according to your preferences, whether it's cultural exploration, beach relaxation, or other activities. Keep in mind that weather patterns can vary, so it's a good idea to check the forecast and consider recent trends when planning your travel dates.
Dress Code 
When travelling to Egypt, modest dressing is highly recommended and is highly appreciated. It is advisable to wear clothing that covers your shoulders and knees, especially when visiting religious sites, mosques, and rural areas. For women, lightweight long-sleeved tops or blouses and loose-fitting pants or skirts are suitable. For men, lightweight long-sleeved shirts and trousers are appropriate.  Avoid wearing clothing that is too tight, too short, sheer, or revealing. This applies to both men and women.
In winter, you will be needing a jacket, sweater or warm clothing. You may also bring a raincoat or umbrella if you will be visiting the Mediterranean coast.
In summer, bring lighter or summer clothes, sunglasses, a wide-brimmed hat or large scarf to protect your head from the heat of the sun of from the dust. In beach and resort areas like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada, swimwear is acceptable within the confines of the resorts or designated beach areas. However, it's recommended to cover up when you're not on the beach or in a resort environment.
Comfortable walking shoes are important for exploring historical sites and markets. Sandals are also suitable in many situations, but remember to have appropriate footwear when visiting religious sites.
Health & Safety
Travelers should make sure their health insurance plan covers them when travelling outside of their home or residence country. Consult your doctor or a travel clinic in advance to discuss necessary vaccinations and health precautions for Egypt. You might need vaccinations such as hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and tetanus.
Travelers should carry prescription medication in original packaging along with your doctor’s prescription. Be cautious about consuming tap water. Stick to bottled water for drinking and brushing your teeth. Also, be careful about eating street food and uncooked vegetables or fruits that might be washed in tap water.
In Egypt, emergency and intensive care facilities are limited. Most Nile cruise boats do not have ship’s doctor but some employ a medical practitioner.
Tourists should be alert to being overcharged for various services and for being victimized in scams common to tourist destinations. Tourists should expect to encounter aggressive vendors at Egypt’s shops in urban areas, as well as at many temples and archaeological sites. Some will offer “free” gifts to tourists which, once accepted, lead to demands for money. Most sites have especially designated tourist police who can assist in uncomfortable situations.
Bringing sunblock cream/lotion and mosquito repellant are essential as well. The Egyptian ambulance service hotline is 123.
Currency and Money 
The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound, or “Geneh” in Arabic, and commonly abbreviated as LE. The currency is further divided into smaller units called piastres or qirsh.
Credit cards are widely used in Egypt at some hotels, shops, restaurants, and cafes. Most stores in markets like Khan El Khalili and the Luxor touristic market accept credit cards. Visa and MasterCard are the most widely accepted credit cards in Egypt. American Express and other less common cards might not be accepted as widely.
Moreover, many touristic shops, restaurants, and bars will actually accept Dollars or Euros at rates that are relatively close to the official ones. Please note that exchange rates can fluctuate, so it's a good idea to check with a reliable financial source or currency exchange platform for the most up-to-date information if you're planning to exchange money or travel to Egypt.
Tipping, or "baksheesh" as it's commonly referred to in Egypt, is a customary practice and an important aspect of the local culture. If you decide to tip feel free to give what you think your experience was worth or consider if you were provided with great service.
For local restaurants and cafés: it's common to leave a tip of around 10-15% of the total bill. Some places might automatically include a service charge, so make sure to check your bill before adding an additional tip.
For Hotel: Tipping is customary in hotels. Bellboys, porters, and hotel staff who provide assistance with your luggage or other services usually expect a tip. Leaving a small tip for housekeeping staff is also appreciated. The amount can vary, but a general guideline is around 20-50 Egyptian Pounds per service.
For guides and driver: If you're taking guided tours or using transportation services, it's customary to tip your guides and drivers. The amount can depend on the length of the tour or the distance traveled, approximately about 300-400 Egyptian Pounds or 10-15 USD per person per day.
For taxi: Tipping taxi drivers is not mandatory, but it's common to round up the fare as a tip.
Photography is allowed in most of the historical sites and museums in Egypt, but some of them have extra charges for taking in a camera. In the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities and the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, photography is prohibited and visitors are asked to leave their cameras at the reception before entering. In some cases, you might not be allowed to photograph specific artifacts, manuscripts, or artworks within historical sites or museums.
Egyptians are generally friendly and open to having their photos taken, but it's polite to show respect by seeking permission first. Some people might expect a small tip in return for being photographed.
In general, it is prohibited to take photos of military and security installations, government buildings, police stations, and other sensitive locations. Avoid taking photos of police officers or security personnel, as this can be considered disrespectful or even illegal.
Internet Access 
Wi-Fi is available at many mid-range and upper range hotels throughout the country. Though sometimes internet connection can be frustratingly slow.
Many hotels, restaurants, cafes, and tourist attractions in major cities like Cairo and Luxor offer Wi-Fi access for customers. Some areas might have free public Wi-Fi hotspots as well. In major cities and tourist areas, you can generally expect decent internet speeds. However, in more remote or rural areas, the quality of internet connectivity might vary.
One of the most common ways for tourists to access the internet in Egypt is by getting a local SIM card. You can purchase SIM cards at the airport, kiosks, or mobile phone shops. This allows you to have a data plan and use mobile data while you're on the go.
Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, and Islam prohibits the consumption of alcohol. As a sign of respect for the local culture, it's important to consume alcohol in moderation and be discreet in public areas, especially in more conservative or rural regions. Alcohol is available in many hotels, resorts, and licensed restaurants in tourist areas, especially those frequented by international travelers. Some larger cities like Cairo and beach resorts like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada have more options for alcohol consumption.
During the Holy month of Ramadan, it is forbidden to serve and sell alcohol and some restaurants and bars may be closed over the month.
The legal drinking age in Egypt is 21 years old. You might be asked to show identification to prove your age when purchasing alcohol. Drinking on the street or being very drunk on the streets is prohibited.
Egypt has a desert climate with hot and dry conditions for most of the year. There are three types of climates depending on the locations: Mediterranean climate on the northern coast (9-35°C), desert climate in the inland areas (6-41°C), and last is climate of the coast of Red Sea which is equally desert but a bit milder (13-38°C).
In Egypt, the standard voltage is 220V and the frequency is 50 Hz. There are two associated plug types C and F. Type plug C is the plug that has two round pins, also known as “Euro” plug.  The plug type F is the plug which has two round pins with two earth clips on the side.
Domestic Flights 
Egypt has several international airports and a network of domestic flights that connect major cities and tourist destinations within the country.
Main airport is Cairo International Airport (IATA code: CAI and ICAO code: HECA) Located in the capital city, Cairo, it is the busiest and largest airport in Egypt. It serves as the main gateway for international travelers.
Hurghada International Airport is a major airport on the Red Sea coast, serving as a popular entry point for tourists visiting beach resorts like Hurghada and Marsa Alam.
Sharm El Sheikh International Airport is another key airport on the Red Sea coast, providing access to the popular resort destinations of Sharm El Sheikh and Dahab.
Luxor International Airport is located near the city of Luxor and serves as a gateway to some of Egypt's most famous historical sites, including the Valley of the Kings and Karnak Temple.
Aswan International Airport is situated in the city of Aswan and provides access to the southern parts of Egypt, including Abu Simbel and other historical attractions.
When planning your trip to Egypt, consider the option of domestic flights for traveling between cities. They can save you time and allow you to make the most of your time exploring the diverse attractions that Egypt has to offer.
Sleeper Trains 
Egypt offers sleeper train services that provide a comfortable and convenient way to travel between major cities, particularly between Cairo and Luxor or Aswan. These sleeper trains offer overnight accommodations, allowing you to save both time and money by combining transportation and accommodation in one.
There are two main types of sleeper trains in Egypt: the "Watania" sleeper train and the "Golden Arrow" sleeper train.
The Watania sleeper train is a comfortable option for overnight travel between Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan. It features private cabins with different configurations, including single, double, and triple compartments. Cabins are equipped with beds, bedding, air conditioning, and basic amenities. There are dining cars onboard where you can enjoy meals and refreshments. The train usually departs in the evening from Cairo, and you arrive at your destination the next morning. It can be book through your local travel agent or thru online
The Golden Arrow sleeper train is another option for overnight travel between Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan. The cabins are equipped with beds, bedding, air conditioning, and facilities for a comfortable journey. Dining cars provide meals and drinks during the journey. The Golden Arrow train typically departs in the evening from Cairo and arrives at your destination the following morning.
The Nile Cruise 
A Nile River cruise in Egypt is a popular and enchanting way to explore the country's rich history, ancient monuments, and scenic landscapes. The Nile River is often referred to as the "lifeblood of Egypt," and many of the country's most iconic historical sites are located along its banks. Sailing the Nile along the lush Nile Valley surrounded by sand dunes and sightseeing Ancient Egyptian monuments such as Karnak Temple, Luxor Temple, Kom Ombo and Abu Simbel is tourism at its best. Wake up to the soft light of the morning sun, take in the heat and cool off in the pool on the deck of a cruiser; watch fishermen cast their nets, farmers take to their fields, a flight of birds, and water buffalos staring back at you.
For a softer but still very inspiring cruise experience in Egypt, try the short felucca cruises on the Nile, in Aswan, Luxor or Cairo, or take it to the next level and enjoy an unforgettable night aboard one of the luxurious dinner cruises available in the Egyptian capital.
The cruise categories in Egypt are: 5* Luxury, 5* Luxury Superior and 5* Grand Luxury. Cruise schedules can last 5 days up to 15 days depending on your cruise route.
Responsible Travel 
-Sight-seeing tours are operated and led by a local guide and/or local drivers.
-We encourage clients to buy handmade artifacts from the local producers like papyrus, carpets and gold and silver souvenirs.
-Local guide and tour operators are not allowed to smoke during work.
-We support eco-tourism and do our best to deal with ecologically friendly hotels and resorts in Dahab, Marsa Alam, Sinai and Bahariya Oasis. Staying at eco-lodge that are owned, constructed and managed by the local people is a good option to meet adventurous people and the like.
-Enjoy at least one wildlife excursion, whether bird watching on the Nile or snorkeling in the Red Sea. The value you place on the environment you are sightseeing stimulates a local interest for protection, conservation and education.
-Utilize local transportation such as buses and trains for your sightseeing tour. A hot air balloon over Luxor, a felucca boat journey down the Nile, or a camel ride in the desert is a wonderful way to have a unique and low-impact experience. Keep in mind, a slower journey will have a lower impact, and is much more relaxing.
Israel is situated at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. The country is divided into four regions: the coastal plain, the central hills, the Great Rift Valley and the Negev Desert. It is border on the north by Lebanon, on the northeast by Syria, on the east and southeast by Jordan, on the southwest by Egypt and on the west by the Mediterranean Sea. Israel has an area of about 8,550 square miles or 22,145 square kilometers. The Highest point is the Mount Hermon about 2,814 meters or 9,232 feet tall, and can be found in the Golan Heights and the lowest point of Israel is the Dead Sea about 399 below sea level.
Jerusalem is Israel's capital and holds religious significance for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, while Tel Aviv is the economic and cultural hub. Hebrew and Arabic are the Israeli official languages however there are some locals who also speaks English.
The population of Israel has about 9.3 million (as of September 2021). While in the Palestinian Territories, the population in West Bank was estimated to be around 2.8 million people and 2 million people in the Gaza Strip.
Israel was established as a state in 1948, leading to conflicts with neighboring Arab states and the Palestinian population. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict over land, borders, and rights remains a central issue in the region.
Israel contains sacred sites to Judaism, Islam and Christianity. The City of Jerusalem, houses holy sites for each of these religions: The Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims, the Western Wall (the remnant of the Second Temple) for Jews and, for Christians, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The Baha’i World Center, the spiritual and administrative center of the Baha’i faith is located in the city of Haifa. Tel Aviv is ranked as top international tourist destination for its culture, cuisine, nightlife, architecture and large LGBT community.
Best Time to Visit 
Israel can be visited all-year round. The season of spring (April-May) and autumn (September-October) are the best time to visit Israel, where the temperature is around 15°-20°C and the weather is generally mild and pleasant, with blooming flowers and green landscapes. It's a great time for outdoor activities and sightseeing.
Although spring and autumn months are the recommended time to travel there are also factors you have to consider. September and October are the busiest months in the Jewish calendar, with Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement).
Many tourists travel to Israel during the month of April due to Passover (Pessach) and Easter. Dates of these holidays may vary from year to year and it’s best to avoid these traveling on these dates. Easter and Christmas are significant events in the Christian calendar, and Jerusalem hosts pilgrims from around the world during these times. Prices during these dates are very expensive too.
Peak summer in the month of June-August the average temperature is over 30°-40°C most especially in the south and Negev Desert area.
The winter months of November to March are the coldest with occasional snowfall in the northern part, Golan Heights and in Jerusalem. Expect heavy rainfall on coastal areas during this time too.
Dress Code 
In general, casual clothing is suitable when travelling to Israel. Jeans, T-shirts, comfortable and sturdy walking shoes are ideal in most of the sites.
In winter: It is best to pack warm sweater or coat, jacket, long sleeves shirts, scarves and gloves. Bring also with you an umbrella or rain coat, winter boots or rain boots as heavy rains also occurs during winter time.
In summer: Lightweight shirts, jeans, maxi dresses or skirt are suitable when travelling during summer in Israel. Do also bring with you sun screen lotion/cream, hat/cap, lightweight scarf and sunglasses. If you’re visiting Dead Sea and Eilat, you must pack with you a swimwear.
When visiting religious sites such as mosque, synagogue, church or even the Wailing Wall, always remember to cover up your chest, shoulders, elbows and knees. Avoid wearing sleeveless shirts, ripped jeans, short skirts and shorts. If visiting Jewish religious sites, men should cover their heads with a kippah. It is usually marked with a sign when men must cover their heads, most notably at the Western Wall.
Health & Safety 
Take in to consideration of availing a travel insurance including a medical coverage, trip cancellations, and other unexpected events when travelling to Israel. Make sure you're up-to-date on routine vaccinations. Depending on your travel plans and personal health history, you might need additional vaccinations. Check with a travel health clinic or your healthcare provider well before your trip. If you're on any prescription medications, ensure you have an adequate supply for your entire trip. Carry a copy of your prescription and a note from your doctor explaining the necessity of the medication.
Israel has one of the most technologically advanced and highest-quality healthcare systems in the world. Hospitals in Israel are equipped with modern facilities and high-quality medical technology. Medical personnel are very well-trained. Doctors mostly speaks in English. Israel is also well-known as one of the world’s leaders in in-vitro fertilization.
Stay informed about the current security situation before and during your trip. Follow any travel advisories issued by your government and local authorities. Political discussions can be sensitive. It's best to avoid engaging in such conversations with strangers, as opinions can be strong and varied. Avoid participating in or getting too close to political demonstrations or protests. They can escalate quickly and become unsafe. Public transportation is generally safe in Israel, but be vigilant, especially in crowded areas. Keep an eye on your belongings and be cautious of pickpocketing. Keep the contact information for your country's embassy or consulate in Israel or the Palestinian territories. Know the local emergency numbers as well.
The currency in Israel is the New Israeli Shekel or NIS. Israeli bank notes come in four denominations: 20, 50, 100 and 200 NIS and coins come in five denominations: 10, 5 and 1 NIS; 50 agorot and 10 agorot. These banknotes have braille on them so the blind can easily identify them.
All of the major credit cards such as Visa, MasterCard and American Express are widely accepted and can be used to withdraw funds from ATMs with your pin code.
Tipping is not expected but it is increasingly common in Israel.
For local guide and drivers: On average, 15-20 NIS or $4-5 USD per person per day is the minimum, however if you think you were provided with a good quality of service, a more generous tip is most likely appreciated.
For Restaurants: A service charge of around 12-15% may be automatically added to your bill in restaurants. However, it's common to leave an additional tip of 5-10% if you're satisfied with the service. If a service charge isn't included, leaving a tip of 10-15% is customary.
For taxi drivers: They generally do not expect to be tipped, but you can round off your fare.
For Hotels: 4-8 NIS or $1-2 USD for good housekeeping.
Always be courteous and respectful when interacting with service staff. A sincere "thank you" goes a long way.
Photography is allowed in most of the historical sites and museums in Israel. However, there are certain areas and situations where photography might be restricted or discouraged due to security and privacy concerns. Do not take photos of police or military personnel and/or stations and installations. Also, be cautious when taking photographs near borders, especially those adjacent to neighboring countries. Always respect any signs or warnings that indicate photography is prohibited.
Furthermore, it is advisable to be sensitive when taking photos of Muslims and Orthodox Jewish areas. It's a good practice to ask for permission before taking photos, especially during ceremonies or when people are praying. It's courteous to ask for permission before taking close-up photos of individuals, especially if you're photographing them in a candid manner. Some people might be uncomfortable with their photos being taken without their consent.
Communications and Internet Access 
The international dialing code for Israel is +972. Israel is technologically advanced country and internet access for tourists in Israel is generally widespread and reliable. Wi-Fi is available in most cafeterias, restaurant, malls, airport and hotels and are usually free, though sometimes you have to ask for the password. If you prefer constant connectivity and need internet access on the go, purchasing a local SIM card is a convenient option. Israeli cellular providers offer prepaid SIM cards for tourists that include data packages. These can be easily purchased at airports, convenience stores, and mobile phone shops. Having a local SIM card allows you to use mobile data for navigation, communication, and other online activities.
Alcohol and Smoking 
Israel is a country with a diverse range of religious and cultural practices. While alcohol is generally available, some areas might have restrictions on alcohol sales during religious holidays or in more conservative communities.
Alcohol is forbidden following the traditions of Islam and it is certainly not available in Arabic communities and West Bank. Alcoholic drinks are only available at some hotels for tourists. When purchasing alcoholic drinks, proof of age is required. Drinking alcohol in public places, such as streets or parks, might not be as common as in some other countries. Many Israelis and tourists enjoy their drinks in designated places like bars and restaurants. Smoking in all public places such as restaurants, trains, buses, and taxis is against the law.
Israel and the Palestinian territories have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. However, there can be some variations in climate between different regions due to factors like elevation and proximity to bodies of water.
Summer (June to August): It is generally hot and dry throughout the region. Coastal areas, such as Tel Aviv and Haifa, experience more moderate temperatures due to the cooling effect of the Mediterranean Sea. Inland areas, including Jerusalem and the Jordan Valley, can experience higher temperatures, often exceeding 30°C (86°F) or more. The Jordan Rift Valley, including the Dead Sea area, is known for extremely high temperatures, sometimes exceeding 40°C (104°F).
Autumn/Fall (September to November): It is characterized by gradually cooling temperatures and decreasing rainfall. It's a popular time for tourists due to the more comfortable weather. Coastal areas remain pleasant, while inland areas begin to cool down.
Winter (December to February): It is mild and relatively wet, especially in coastal and northern regions. Rainfall increases, and there can be occasional heavy rainfall and storms.
Spring (March to May): During these times, temperatures are mild, and the landscape often blooms with colorful flowers. It is one of the most pleasant times to visit the region. Coastal areas enjoy comfortable temperatures, while inland areas start to warm up.
In Israel, the standard voltage is 230V and the frequency is 50 Hz. There are three associated plug types C, H and M. Type plug C is the plug that has two round pins, also known as “Euro” plug. Plug type H has three pins in a triangular shape and type M has three round pins.
Hotels’ Check in / Check out time and Room Types
The general check-in time in Israel is 14:00-15:00 and check out time is 12:00. Request for early check-in and/or late check-out, depends on the availability of the hotel and it is not guaranteed. Additional charges will be made according to hotel’s rules and policies. Double room, twin bedded and single room are available to most hotels. For triple sharing, it is either double or twin room with 1 extra roll away bed or a sofa bed.
Domestic Flights
Ben Gurion Airport (IATA code: TLV and ICAO code: LLBG) is the main international airport in Israel. It is located 20 km south of Tel Aviv and about 45 km from Jerusalem. Tel Aviv airport is considered one of the best airports in Middle East because of its high-level security and amazing passenger service.
Located in the southern part of the country and about 18 km from Eilat, Ramon airport is the second biggest airport in Israel. It handles the domestic operations Tel Aviv and Haifa.
Holidays in Israel
Holocaust Memorial Day
Yom HaShoah is often known as Holocaust Remembrance Day and an occasion to commemorate the lives and heroism of the six million Jewish people who died in the Holocaust between 1933 and 1945. The law prohibits places of public entertainment from being open on the evening before until the day of Yom HaShoah.
Israel Independence Day
Israeli Independence Day also called Yom Ha'atzmaut, commemorates the declaration of independence in Israel in 1948. It is considered an official national holiday of the state and the only official non-working day in Israel. It usually celebrated in late April or early May in the Gregorian calendar.
Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah or the Jewish New Year is observed the first and second day of the seventh month of the Jewish religious year, Tishri. The exact date varies each year in the Gregorian calendar, as it follows the lunar Hebrew calendar. The celebrations continue for ten days of repentance, culminating on Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement. In the Old Testament in the book of Leviticus and Numbers, it is known as Feast of the Trumpets.
Rosh Hashanah is a time for personal reflection, self-examination, and spiritual renewal. It is an opportunity for individuals to evaluate their actions, seek forgiveness, and set intentions for personal growth in the coming year. The holiday emphasizes themes of humility, gratitude, and the power of change.
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year for the Jews. Its central themes are atonement and repentance. Jews traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services.
As a tourist it is advisable not to travel on this day as all malls, restaurants, cultural sites, museum and land borders are close. Both public and private transportations and tours are not allowed and roads will be empty. Some tourists cross the border going to Jordan early and take their time to travel to Petra or Wadi Rum during Yom Kippur.
Responsible Travel
-Sight-seeing tours are operated and led by a local guide and/or local drivers.
-Be sensitive in discussing politics and religion. It is better to do research or some readings prior you travel in Israel and other Palestinian territories.
-Always follow security warning from the authorities. Always best to carry with you your passport as ID.
-Be mindful and respectful when talking about the Holocaust and never make jokes about it.
-Israel is a hot country, most especially during summer time, it is important to keep yourself hydrated all the time. It is not necessary to buy bottled water as tap water is safe in Israel. Do not do hiking in the height of summer heat.
-When hiking at off beaten paths such as the Golan Heights, it is advisable to hire an expert guide, better yet a local guide licensed by the Israel Ministry of Tourism.
-Local products especially Dead Sea products are very popular souvenirs or gifts. Supporting such products is also a way to help Israeli and Palestinian locals.
-When travelling to Red Sea and doing water activities such as scuba diving, book with diving company that has responsible tourism credentials.
General Information
Jordan is a small country, but offers a wide range of landscapes and travel experiences. The Jordanian people are in general welcoming and hospitable. The territory of present-day Jordan was originally inhabited by numerous civilizations like the Nabataeans, Romans, Greeks, Assyrians, Crusaders, Mamluks and Ottoman Turks. Their marks can be seen in ancient ruins and architecture. In May 1946 Transjordan became independent from the British Mandate. 4 years later is was renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. In 1953 Hussein Ibn Talal became king until his death in 1999. His son King Abdullah II rules since then the parliamentary monarchy. The country has an estimated population of 10 million; the capital is Amman. Official language is Arabic, English is widely spoken. The time zone is GMT+2 and in summer GMT+3.
Jordan shares borders with Israel, the West Bank, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The Dead Sea is with 420 meters below sea level the lowest point on earth; the highest point in Jordan is Jabal Umm Al Dami in Wadi Rum with 1,854 meters. A narrow access to the Red Sea in the south exists through Aqaba. The three main areas are the Jordan Valley, the Mountain Heights Plateau and the Eastern desert. You find here a wide range of environments, deserts, mountains, fertile valleys and a small coastline.
Best Time to Visit
Most pleasant time to travel is in spring (mid March to May) and autumn (September to November). Summer is dry with a Mediterranean climate. But it can be very warm at the Dead Sea, in Wadi Rum and Aqaba. In turn, Dead Sea and Aqaba offer pleasant stays in winter time. In the rest of the country weather is cool with occasional rain, in areas on high altitudes like Dana and Petra snowfall might occur. Jordan celebrates Ramadan. You need to consider that in this period outside touristic areas not all restaurants and shops are open during daylight.
Dress Code
Jordan is a Muslim country and the dress code is conservative. For men and women it is recommended to cover knees and shoulders, avoid tight fitting clothes and cleavage. Non-Muslims are allowed to visit the King Abdullah Mosque in Amman, women need to cover the hair when doing so. Beachwear is only accepted at hotel pools and beaches. Lightweight clothes are recommended for the period May to September. Still pack a sweater or jacket, the nights are rather cool. Warm clothes are especially recommended for mid of December until February. Please check the weather a week or two before your holiday to pack appropriately.  
Health & Safety
Jordan has in general a good health care system, with the best hospitals located in Amman. Most medical professionals have been trained abroad and speak English. The tap water is not safe to drink and heavily chlorinated. Stick to bottled water and avoid ice cubes in drinks. Ensure meat and fish are well cooked, avoid raw vegetables and peel fruits. For safety information please check the advisory of your government.
Currency and Money
The currency is the Jordanian Dinar, abbreviation is JOD or JD. Notes are available in denominations of 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 JD. Coins are in use for ½ and ¼ JD , 10, 5 and 1 piasters. Major credit cards are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants and larger shops. Make sure you carry some cash with you as smaller shops may not accept credit cards. ATMs can be found in most of the larger towns. In rural and remote areas like Wadi Rum have cash on hand. Foreign currencies can be exchanged easily in exchange shops or banks.
Jordan has a tipping culture. Hotels and restaurants add a surcharge that is included in bills, which is usually 10%. Rounding up bills and leaving spare change is a good idea when dining in smaller restaurants and when using taxis. Drivers and guides are expecting tips, the amount is up to the traveler.
Do not take photographs of individuals without their permission. Drones and telescopes are not permitted to bring into Jordan. It is forbidden to take pictures of military facilities and borders.
Internet Access
Internet can usually be accessed from hotels. Expect reduced access in villages and remote areas. For example, camps located deeper in the desert of Wadi Rum have no internet access.
Alcohol can be bought in liquor stores, most of them you find in Amman and Aqaba. Respect the local culture and do not consume alcohol in public places. Many hotels and restaurants serve alcohol, but not all though. Adults are allowed to bring one litre of alcohol into the country.
Responsible Travel
To support local economies we encourage you to visit local restaurants and wherever possible stay at locally run hotels. Do not enter homes or tents without being invited. Some areas are restricted to women only. Remove all litter when leaving a picnic site.